Canadian citizenship test 2024

Canadian Citizenship Test 2024: A Comprehensive Guide

The Canadian citizenship test is a crucial step in the process of becoming a Canadian citizen. It assesses your knowledge of Canada’s history, values, institutions, and symbols. Here’s everything you need to know to prepare for and pass the Canadian citizenship test in 2024.

1. Eligibility for the Citizenship Test

Before you can take the citizenship test, you must meet the eligibility requirements for Canadian citizenship:

  • Permanent Resident Status: You must be a permanent resident of Canada.
  • Physical Presence: You must have lived in Canada for at least 1,095 days (3 years) in the five years before you apply.
  • Tax Filing: You must have filed your taxes for at least three years within the five-year period.
  • Language Skills: If you are between 18 and 54 years old, you must prove that you can speak and understand English or French.
  • Criminal History: You must not have a criminal history that prohibits the granting of citizenship (e.g., certain crimes or removal orders).

2. Structure and Format of the Citizenship Test

  • Format: The test is usually written, but it can be oral for those who need accommodation.
  • Duration: The test lasts 30 minutes.
  • Questions: It consists of 20 multiple-choice and true/false questions.
  • Passing Score: You must answer at least 15 questions correctly to pass (75%).

3. Topics Covered in the Citizenship Test

The test covers a wide range of topics from the official study guide “Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship.” Key topics include:

  • Canadian History: Major events, key figures, and milestones in Canadian history.
  • Geography: Knowledge of Canadian geography, including provinces, territories, and major cities.
  • Government and Political System: Understanding of the parliamentary system, the Constitution, the roles of the Governor General, Prime Minister, and Members of Parliament.
  • Symbols: National symbols like the Canadian flag, the national anthem, and the Coat of Arms.
  • Rights and Responsibilities: The rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and the responsibilities of Canadian citizens.
  • Economy: Basic understanding of Canada’s economy, industries, and natural resources.

4. Preparing for the Citizenship Test

Study Guide

  • Discover Canada: The official study guide is available for free on the Government of Canada’s website. It is available in multiple formats including PDF, audio, and eBook.

Practice Tests

  • Online Practice Tests: Many websites offer practice tests that simulate the format and types of questions you will encounter on the actual test.

Study Groups and Classes

  • Community Resources: Many community centers and organizations offer citizenship classes and study groups.
  • Online Forums: Participate in online forums and discussion groups for additional tips and resources.

Language Skills

  • Language Classes: If you need to improve your English or French, consider enrolling in language classes. Many community organizations offer free or low-cost language training.

5. Taking the Citizenship Test


  • Test Invitation: You will receive a notice to appear for the test, which will include the date, time, and location. Make sure your contact information is up to date to receive this notice.

Day of the Test

  • What to Bring: Bring the notice to appear, permanent resident card, two pieces of personal identification (one with your photo), all your passports and travel documents (current and expired) used in the last five years, and any other documents listed in the notice.
  • Test Procedure: Arrive early and follow the instructions provided by the test administrators. The test is conducted under timed conditions.

6. After the Citizenship Test


  • Immediate Results: You may receive your results immediately after completing the test.
  • Retake: If you do not pass the test on your first attempt, you will be scheduled for a second attempt. If you do not pass the second time, you may be invited to an interview with a citizenship officer.

Citizenship Ceremony

  • Invitation to Ceremony: If you pass the test and meet all other requirements, you will receive an invitation to attend a citizenship ceremony.
  • Oath of Citizenship: At the ceremony, you will take the Oath of Citizenship, officially becoming a Canadian citizen. You will receive your citizenship certificate.

Tips for Success

  1. Start Early: Begin studying well in advance of your test date.
  2. Use Multiple Resources: Supplement your study guide with online resources, practice tests, and community classes.
  3. Practice Regularly: Take regular practice tests to familiarize yourself with the format and timing of the actual test.
  4. Stay Informed: Keep up with any changes or updates to the citizenship process by regularly checking the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) website.
  5. Improve Language Skills: If needed, improve your English or French language skills through classes and practice.


The Canadian citizenship test is an important step in becoming a Canadian citizen. By understanding the structure of the test, studying the right materials, and preparing thoroughly, you can increase your chances of passing the test and achieving your goal of Canadian citizenship. Good luck!

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